Red Junglefowl
Gallus gallus
Three birds seen: an adult male of the race gallus with the white ear patch on 22 May; and an adult female with a duller white ear patch with an immature on 23 May in the same locality, a few kilometres back from the sand quarry on Bunker Trail.
The birds were out on the road, after rain, on both occasions and were reluctant to go back in the undergrowth. The habitat was low stunted rainforest on sandy soil. The birds were quite a bit larger than I had expected.

Rufous Piculet
Sasis abnormis
An adult female vigorously working the tall stems of bamboo grass only a few metres from me; not far from the Chinese Shrine on Bunker Trail 17 May. This was the only bird seen in 10 days. A real cutie!

Banded Woodpecker
Picus mineaceus
One only seen about 7 km along Bunker Trail, 21 May

Crimson-winged Woodpecker
Picus puniceus
One only seen on 19 May with a feeding association of six species of woodpeckers at a river crossing about 5 km along Bunker Trail.

Checker-throated Woodpecker
Picus mentalis
Appears to be one of the commoner woodpeckers in Panti; seen in several localities along Bunker Trail

Common Flameback
Dinopium javanense
Around three seen along 270 km Trail, 22 May

Maroon Woodpecker
Blythipicus rubiginosus
Single birds seen briefly on two occasions on Bunker Trail and 270 km Trail. Like most of the woodpeckers, this species can be shy and difficult to see at times.

Rufous Woodpecker

Celeus brachyurus
Seen at a couple of localities along Bunker Trail including a group of three with the before mentioned feeding association of six woodpecker species.

Buff-rumped Woodpecker
Meiglyptes tristis
A pair on one occasion on Bunker Trail and a group of three with the before mentioned feeding association.

Buff-necked Woodpecker
Meiglyptes tukki
Single birds seen on two occasions along Bunker Trail and two birds along the 270 km Trail

Grey and Buff Woodpecker
Hemicircus concretus
Pairs or family groups seen on three occasions along Bunker Trail

Red-crowned Barbet
Megalaima rafflesii
Moderately common along Bunker Trail feeding in fruiting trees

Blue-eared Barbet
Megalaima australis
Seen only on a couple of occasions along Bunker Trail, usually high up fruiting trees; difficult to get a good look.

Brown Barbet
Calorhamphus fuliginosus
Moderately common along Bunker Trail around fruiting trees; a plain bird, its only redeeming feature is its bright orange legs.

Rhinoceros Hornbill
Buceros rhinoceros
Around three birds seen including a single bird searching nests up high, assumedly for eggs or young, and being buzzed by Drongos. A very impressive bird. Two other species of Hornbill were seen briefly but not well enough to discern the species. About eight species of Hornbill inhabit Panti

Cinnamon-rumped Trogan
Harpactes orrhophaeus
Only one pair seen in swamp forest along Bunker Trail; quite shy and difficult to see; calling incessantly.

Scarlet-rumped Trogan
Harpactes duvaucelii
A stunning bird, moderately common, seen at several localities on Bunker Trail; also quite vocal. A pair also on 270 km Trail. Red-naped and Diard's Trogan also occur in Panti.

Red-backed Bee-eater
Nyctyornis amictus
Two pairs including one with two juvenile young seen along Bunker Trail; also calling on 270 km Trail. One of its raucous calls was similar to Dollarbird

Blue-throated Bee-eater
Merops viridis
Fairly common in the vicinity of the sand quarry where they were entering nest holes in the cliff faces. An attractive bird.

Rufous-backed Kingfisher
Ceyx rufidorsa
Heard regularly along Bunker Trail and seen well in flight on several occasions; seen perched briefly on two occasions - difficult to see perched.

Banded Kingfisher
Lacedo pulchella
Heard calling along Bunker Trail and 270 km Trail on several occasions but adamantly refused to be seen.

Black-capped Kingfisher
Halcyon pileata
Also a difficult bird to see well; seen briefly in flight on two occasions along Bunker Trail. The diagnostic feature is the white bulls-eye in the wings.

Large Hawk-Cuckoo
Hierococcyx sparveriodes
One bird seen briefly perched after I taped and replayed an unidentified call in the swamp forest. The bird flew at me several times, flying like an Accipiter. A difficult bird to see well.

Plaintive Cuckoo
Cacomantis merulinus
One only seen along Bunker Trail

Little Bronze-Cuckoo
Chrysococcyx minutillus
One adult seen along Bunker Trail

Violet Cuckoo
Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Two of these beautiful birds - one perched, the other flying, Bunker Trail.

Drongo Cuckoo
Surniculus lugubris
One seen well beyond the sand quarry on Bunker Trail

Chestnut-bellied Malkoha
Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
Several seen at various localities along Bunker Trail

Raffles Malkoha
Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
A couple along Bunker Trail and one along 270 km Trail

Red-billed Malkoha
Phaenicophaeus javanicus
Seen regularly along Bunker Trail

Chestnut-breasted Malkoha
Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
Several along Bunker Trail; this difficult species of Malkoha was seen in close proximity - with up to three other Malkoha species seen at one locality and a fourth not far away.

Lesser Coucal
Centropus bengalensis
One seen in low undergrowth in disturbed areas near the sand quarries

Eurystomus orientalis
A couple seen in the disturbed areas around the sand quarries.

Long-tailed Parakeet
Psittacula longicauda
One only seen on the 270 km Trail

Blue-rumped Parrot
Psittinus cyanurus
Several distant views of pairs flying over.

Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot
Loriculus galgulus
Moderately common, many seen in flight along Bunker Trail and a few on the 270 km Trail. About four birds seen in scope and rather oddly, all showed pale bills which assumedly meant they are juveniles.

Black nest/Edible nest Swiftlet
Collocalia maxima/fuciphaga
Indistinguishable in the field; a few in the vicinity of the sand quarries

Silver-rumped Needletail
Rhaphidura leucopygialis
Moderately common, quite a few of these distinctive needletails seen along Bunker Trail

Brown-backed Needletail
Hirundapus giganteus
I am fairly certain that the birds I saw over the lake on Bunker Trail were Brown-backed; others not seen so well elsewhere may have been Silver-rumped or Brown-backed.

Asian Palm Swift
Cypsiurus balasiensis
Several along Bunker Trail, mainly in the vicinity of the sand quarries.

House Swift
Apus affinis
One in the vicinity of the sand quarries (hundreds in Kota Tingi)

Grey-rumped Treeswift
Hemiprocne longipennis
Moderately common along Bunker Trail

Whiskered Treeswift
Hemiprocne comata
Moderately common along Bunker Trail. One bird seen on a tiny nest in a roadside tree with a single egg visible.

Malaysian eared Nightjar
Eurostopodus temminckii
Up to four birds seen at dusk each day in various localities along Bunker Trail; usually flying up high and calling loudly

Large-tailed Nightjar
Caprimulgus macrurus
One or two at the entrance to Bunker Trail; about four seen above the sand quarry after dark.

Little Green Pigeon
Treron olax
Fairly common in the vicinity of the sand quarries with up to 10 birds seen in re-growth scrub; few elsewhere along Bunker Trail.

Pink-necked Green Pigeon
Treron vernans
One adult male along Bunker Trail

Thick-billed Green Pigeon
Treron curvirostra
Quite a few in a fruiting tree at one of the creek crossings; a few elsewhere along Bunker Trail

Spotted Dove
Streptopelia chinensis
A few in the disturbed areas near the sand quarries, Bunker Trail

White-bellied Sea-eagle
Haliaeetus leucogaster
One seen near the lake beyond the sand quarries, Bunker Trail

Crested Serpent Eagle
Spilornis cheela
At least one pair of this distinctively marked raptor along Bunker Trail; also calling
270 km Trail

Crested Goshawk
Accipiter trivirgatus
A pair at a nest feeding small young; excellent views of male and female in nest tree. Female brooding, male had already brought a kill in at dawn and returned again at
8.30 am - female came off nest to preen.

Changeable Hawk Eagle
Spizaetus cirrhatus
A pale phase bird roosting in a roadside tree on Bunker Trail, spotlighted on several occasions. Also seen early one morning, some spotting on the upper breast.

Black-thighed Falconet
Microhierax fringillarius
A small falconet which flew over, although not seen well, was thought to be this species, Bunker Trail.

Bat Hawk
Macheiramphus alcinus
Not positively identified. A large dark falcon flew over at dusk was thought to be this species. Not seen again.

Purple Heron
Ardea purpurea
One bird near the lake beyond the sand quarries, Bunker Trail.

Garnet Pitta
Pitta granatina
One bird , eventually seen well after three attempts along Bunker Trail; a shy bird, although when finally seen was watched for about 15 minutes, including while being harassed by a Grey-breasted Babbler - also the only one seen. Probably two birds present.

Green Broadbill
Calyptomena viridis
Several birds seen along Bunker Trail, many others heard. The distinctive subdued call is easily identified.

Banded Broadbill
Eurylaimus javanicus
Several of this vocal species seen along Bunker Trail including a pair building a nest, others heard

Dusky Broadbill
Corydon sumatranus
Two of these rather plain looking Broadbills seen along Bunker Trail. Black and Red Broadbills and Black and Yellow Broadbills also occur in Panti

Asian Fairy Bluebird
Irena puella
Moderately common along Bunker Trail, seen at many localities; also seen on 270 km Trail

Greater Green Leafbird
Chloropsis sonnerati
Fairly common, seen at several localities along Bunker Trail, often with mixed species feeding associations.

Blue-winged Leafbird
Chloropsis eochinchinensis
Several pairs seen along Bunker Trail, sometimes down low. Lesser Greenleaf is also present but was not seen by me

Bronzed Drongo
Dicrurus aeneus
Moderately common along Bunker Trail

Greater-Racket-tailed Drongo
Dicrurus paradiseus
Fairly common along Bunker Trail

Crested Jay
Platylophus galericulatus
One only, seen along Bunker Trail; Sonnie heard one call on 270 km Trail.

Large-billed Crow
Corvus macrorhynchos
A few seen in the vicinity of the sand quarries.

Eupetes macrocerus
Excellent views of three different birds, two on Bunker Trail and one on 270 km Trail. All males - perhaps the females were on nests. Another male was heard on Bunker Trail. One of the world's great birds. When the males call they inflate two air sacs in the throat which show as two brilliant white patches which are invisible when not calling.

Dark-throated Oriole
Oriolus xanthonotus
Fairly common along Bunker Trail

Green Iora
Aegithina viridissima
Several pairs seen including one building a nest along Bunker Trail

Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike
Coracina striata
Three birds seen briefly along Bunker Trail; the barring and large size diagnostic

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike
Hemipus picatus
Seen on one occasion with a mixed feeding flock including Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike

Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike
Hemipus hirundinaceus
Moderately common; seen on several occasions, usually with mixed feeding flocks.

Scarlet Minivet
Pericrotus flammeus
Males and females seen in the tops of trees at dusk and in early morning on one occasion, Not seen at other times of day. Another Minivet species, possibly Grey-chinned was not seen well enough for a positive identification

Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher
Rhinomyias brunneata
Two birds seen well were thought to be this species. Description: medium size passerine,
brown/chestnut back, buff upper breast and face, stout brown bill with definite hook on end and pronounced bristles at base. Quite a bit bigger than Grey-chested Jungle Flycatcher. Sat very still on the branch just above my head.

Grey-chested Jungle Flycatcher
Rhinomyias umbratilis
One seen while I was with Sonnie near the start of 270 km Trail

White-rumped Shama
Copsychus malabaricus
Fairly common along Bunker Trail, often on the road at the river crossings in the half light just before dawn. A beautiful call.

Rufous-tailed Shama
Trichixos pyrropyga
A pair and a single male seen. The pair was seen relatively easily which gave me a false sense of how difficult this species is to see. Trying to track down an unidentified call a few days later I realized the difficulty. The call appears to come from all directions and it's hard to tell whether it is coming from high or low. Judging by the calls I heard, it must be fairly common in Panti.

Hill Myna
Gracula religiosa
A few of these impressive birds seen on Bunker Trail and 270 km Trail

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch
Sitta frontalis
Several groups of these delightful birds seen along Bunker Trail

Black-headed Bulbul
Pycnonotus atriceps
Quite an attractive Bulbul, several seen in the shrubby re-growth around the sand quarries

Grey-bellied Bulbul
Pycnonotus cyaniventris
Several bird seen, usually high up with mixed feeding flocks, sometimes with Minivets

Puff-backed Bulbul
Pycnonotus eutilotus
Troublesome to identify; a few seen on Bunker Trail and one on the 270 km Trail, while I was with Sonnie

Yellow-vented Bulbul
Pycnonotus goiavier
A few seen, mainly in the shrubby re-growth around the sand quarries.

Olive-winged Bulbul
Pycnonotus plumosus
Moderately common along the road on Bunker Trail.

Cream-vented Bulbul
Pycnonotus simplex
Moderately common along Bunker Trail

Red eyed Bulbul
Pycnonotus brunneus
Moderately common along Bunker Trail

Spectacled Bulbul
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
Moderately common along Bunker Trail

Black and White Bulbul
Pycnonotus melanoleucus
One only seen briefly a few kilometres down Bunker Trail

Yellow-bellied Bulbul
Alophoixus phaeocephalus
Moderately common along Bunker Trail

Hairy-backed Bulbul
Tricholestas criniger
Moderately common along Bunker Trail

Buff-vented Bulbul
Iole olivacea
A few on Bunker and one on 270 km Trail

Streaked Bulbul
Ixos malaccensis
Two separate sightings along Bunker Trail

Yellow-bellied Prina
Prinia flaviventris
A few in the tall grass beyond the sand quarry

Dark-necked Tailorbird
Orthotomus atrogularis
Moderately common along Bunker Trail; a pretty and varied song

Rufous-tailed Tailorbird
Orthotomus sericeus
Not as common as the previous species but still quite a few seen along Bunker Trail

Everett's White-eye
Zosterops everetti
One only seen high up along Bunker Trail, either Oriental or Everett's (assumed to be Everett's on range and habitat)

White-chested Babbler
Trichastoma rostratum
A couple of pairs along Bunker Trail at the creek crossings, highly vocal

Ferruginous Babbler
Trichastoma bicolor
Several pairs along Bunker Trail, very vocal; flycatcher-like behaviour

Horsefield's Babbler
Malacocincla sepiarium
One pair seen at one of the creek crossings, very vocal; with the jizz of a pitta; a delightful bird


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